Thematic Areas

WASH: This sector includes both emergency and development water sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Currently COAR has been implementing a number of WASH related projects funded by UNOCH-CHF, NCA, UNHCR and UNICEF in almost in 12 provinces. The Hard component includes: Gravity piped schemes, solar piped scheme, bore wells, spring protection and construction of latrines and bathing facilities and Soft component of the program includes: hygiene promotion, awareness raising using participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation (PHAST), children hygiene and sanitation training (CHAST) and community led total sanitation (CLTS) approaches.
In 2017, COAR implemented 12 WASH and DRR projects in Khost, Nangarhar, Kabul, Laghman, Ghazni, Daikundi and Bamyan provinces.


Under this sector, COAR provides formal education, informal education, capacity building and higher education to the communities. In the past, COAR implemented more than 100 huge education projects in most of the provinces Since the organization establishment, for example Provided Accelerated Primary Education program (APEP) to 30,000 overage students (male and female, in 1206 villages’ teachers were trained). The second large education program that has been implemented by COAR was Basic Education in-service and Training (BEST) to 10,050 teachers trained and the program was really effective for whole Sector of education in Afghanistan and the third large program was District Teacher Training Team (DT3) program in which CoAR was lead agency and implemented this project in 14 provinces, where 65,000 teachers and 5000 principles/ headmasters were trained. Implementing these projects make us known among stakeholder, clusters and donors as an expert NGO in the field of education. CoAR provided education facilities through education in emergency (EiE), ALC, TLS, CBE, psychosocial support and other formal and informal interventions.
CoAR is active member of Education in Emergency Working group (EiEWG), member of Afghanistan National Education Coalition (ANEC), Co-Chair in Taskforce meeting for Development of Teacher Training Manual (TTM), Committee Member in CBE group for revising CBE Policy.
In 2017, COAR provided inclusive and quality education facilities to 12,895 children (7,278 Girls & 5,617 Boys) in Khost, Nangarhar, Kabul, Kandahar and Takhar provinces.


COAR works to promote sustainable livelihoods so that families and communities can meet prosperous life. COAR strictly follows sustainability rules and provide long term solutions to community problems, that community members themselves can support after the grant funding ends.
COAR follows from small to large-scale livelihood models, which focus on building local capacities to get maximum benefits from the locally available resource/ services. Encouraging local resources is the first step for sustainability while the project impact will remain same for many years. Targeting the Ultra-Poor (TUP) is the Sustainable Livelihood Approach to Poverty Reduction which COAR implemented in Badakhshan, Takhar and Herat provinces with a total target of 4585 ultra-poor households through a package of inputs over a two-year period, including the transfer of productive assets, training, subsistence support, and basic health care.
Sustainable agriculture and livestock phenomenon in COAR is to meet the ever growing needs of a growing Afghan population, however the climate squeeze us in this regard, but trying to engage farmers and stakeholders to use the new techniques and technology for enhancing production and productivity.
In 2017, through implementation of livelihood project COAR team enabled 286 women’s and men to run their own enterprises. They organized in 73 group enterprises and 2,000 women, men and children are benefitted and they are surviving their families through this earned income generation. Totally 286 beneficiaries started making income from their own enterprises. Through
ü 2,935 HH moved permanently out of extreme poverty into sustainable livelihoods.
ü 12,895 children (7278 girls & 5617 boys) were provided with quality education facilities.
ü 165,892 of individuals were provided with clean drinking water, sanitation facilities, hygiene promotion and kits, and DRR awareness and structures.
ü 304 of students were graduated from higher education
ü 10,221 of individual received awareness on DRR/ environmental protection through GR&TV
ü 3,511 farmers were trained in new techniques. Livelihood and Rural Development
accomplishment of TUP project 22575 women, men and children are benefited. Totally 3225 HH lifted them out from extreme poverty.

Emergency Response (ER) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)

One of the mechanism that COAR has implemented the last decade is the Emergency Response (ER) and DRR. COAR has GR&TV for the awareness raising on DRR and implemented approximately 231emergency and semi emergency projects around the country.
COAR provides protective assistance, it means concretely having trained emergency teams in the field with cash, food, non-food items, emergency shelter like tents, emergency water - sufficient amount potable water and sanitation equipment for hygiene purposes.
Under this sector COAR has three objectives of: 1) Rapid Response, when the need is highest- After natural or man-made disasters such as flooding, earthquakes, landslides and conflict-induced displacement COAR assigns teams and they will do rapid need assessment, coordinate with clusters, donors and will roll out products and services for acute needs. 2) Having access, where the need is highest- COAR make a multi-sectorial need assessment and a tailor made response for all those needs. We are being reactive as well as proactive and organize according to the estimated acute needs. 3) Response to long-term Emergencies: COAR also works to respond to long-term needs like provision of education facilities, WASH, food security and re-integration to the conflict affected populations.
In 2017, COAR reached 147,448 individuals via the Emergency Response, and 10,221 individuals via DRR awareness through GR&TV. The summary of the projects implemented in 2017 under this sector is tabulated as bellow;
In 2017 COAR received fund from UNOCHA- CHF second allocation for responding emergency needs. The project is supporting new and prolonged IDPs in Maywand district of Kandahar province and Khawjaghar district of Takhar province through three components of Water Sanitation and Hygiene-WASH, Food Security- through Cash distribution and Education in Emergency-EiE- through TLS/TLCs approaches. The project is in the initial stage. Provincial project offices established, project sites and beneficiaries identified. The community based shuras established for each components of the project to mobilize and facilitate project related issues regularly. ToRs developed and issued to all members of the Shuras.


It should be appreciated out that the engineering Department of COAR started its activities since 1989 - Right after COAR’s establishment, with the aim to carry out infrastructure projects and mainly concentrate on rural development schemes in different provinces of Afghanistan.
The projects implemented by this department have always been selected based on community needs and requirements.In 2017, CoAR implemented 12 WASH and DRR projects in Khost, Nangarhar, Kabul, Laghman, Ghazni, Daikundi and Bamyan provinces.
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