Thematic Areas


Clean water, basic toilets and good hygiene practices are essential to the survival and development of every human being especially children. In Afghanistan, diarrheal diseases are the second most common cause of death for children under the age of five, after acute respiratory infections.

COAR Engineering/WASH department is involved in construction of water supply system, providing community members with the fundamental human right of water consumption in sufficient quantity and of standard quality. WASH department is one of the prime pillar of COAR and strong partner of WASH cluster. COAR Engineering/WASH department is working with UNICEF, NCA and many other government stakeholders likes MRRD, MoPH, MoEd, MoEc and AUWSSC.

Specifically, COAR has been implementing CLTS, hygiene promotion, water supply schemes, WASH in School, WASH in health centers, construction of latrines, distribution of Hygiene kits, bathing facilities, water tracking and Solid Waste Management as core models.

Summary report

In 2022, COAR Engineering/WASH Department was able to provide water, sanitation and hygiene services to 674,611 beneficiaries in which 185,788 were girls, 178,503 were boys, 152,057 were men and 158,263 were women in various provinces of Afghanistan including Balkh, Jawzjan, Khost, Herat, Nangarhar, Laghman, Kunar, Nuristan, Kandahar, Kunduz, Logar, Paktia, Herat, Paktika, Takhar, Badakhshan, Samangan, Ghazni, Nimroz, and Helmand.


The Department of Education was founded in the academic year 1991 by notable figures in the nation with the goal of providing quality education to students in the war-torn country.

Education department is a key pillar of the COAR. It has started implementation of educational projects, both formal and education in emergencies, shortly after its establishment. Since then, the education department has successfully implemented 223education projects in various province of Afghanistan.

COAR Education Team has implemented five emergency education projects in 2022 in 4 provinces (Nimroz Kandahar, Ghazni, Kunduz) which comprises 1998 classes, thereby making significant progress to increase access to education for girls and boys in Afghanistan, and the critical barriers to girls’ education has been reduced.

Below are some of the main activities carried out throughout the project in the provinces.

• COAR has worked productively and has played a significant role with the CBE and government teachers, School Management Councils (SMCs) members and conducted trainings on psychosocial support (PSS), Afghan Child Reading (ACR), Safe Healing and Learning Spaces (SHLS) Parenting skills and psychological first Aid components, life skills, Disability inclusion, child protection, Positive discipline, Child rights, safeguarding, disaster risk reduction (DRR), and inclusive teaching methodologies.

• Recognizing the critical need to support hub schools (government public schools) to absorb transiting community-based education (CBE) students. With the help of the donors, COAR expanded its assistance across the nation through plans for improving schools that included fixing windows and doors as well as giving access to teachers and school administrators to basic resources and training.

• Conducted WASH and Hygiene Back to School Campaigns that allowed the community elders to better understand the value of education specially education for girls in remote areas, and to remain healthy.

• Distributed water stations and soaps for CBE classes.

• Distributed classrooms kits, TLMs, students’ kits, teachers’ kits, dignity kits, winterization kits, heating and cooling system and hygiene kits in the targeted provinces to the CBE classes.

• Constructed segregated latrines to the CBE classes.

• COAR use hotlines, complaint boxes and monitoring visits to receive feedback and complaints from the communities. There is a focal point who manages feedback and complaints to ensure that beneficiaries’ feedback is recorded, addressed and the person who logged the feedback receives an appropriate response. 


Livelihood and Food security department works to promote sustainable livelihoods so that families and communities can meet prosperous life. COAR strictly follows the sustainability guidelines and offers long-term solutions to community problems that community members themselves can maintain when the grant funding expires. People are able to oversee their own advancements because to COAR's right-based development methodologies and community-engaged participatory governance. Agricultural aid, which works with farmers to increase yields, enterprise development and employable skills, which complement villagers' farm-based incomes that helps to stabilize unpredictable incomes. Based on crises and emergency situations in Afghanistan which were required emergency response support, therefore, COAR Livelihood and food security interventions also shifted to emergency based on context and availability of funds. COAR livelihood department implemented the Cash for work activities, free cash for food purposes, winterization and multipurpose cash supports for most emergency and crises affected people in Kunduz, Logar and Paktika provinces.

For 2022 despite of the limited fund COAR has targeted 50,053 HHs, 350,371 individuals including men, women and children which separated numbers of 151,667 boys, 145,719 girls, 31,264 men and 21,721 women. COAR has transferred 7,354,761 $ to the beneficiaries. 


Emergency Response (ER) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)

One of the mechanism that COAR has implemented the last decade is the Emergency Response (ER) and DRR. COAR has GR&TV for the awareness raising on DRR and implemented approximately 231emergency and semi emergency projects around the country.
COAR provides protective assistance, it means concretely having trained emergency teams in the field with cash, food, non-food items, emergency shelter like tents, emergency water - sufficient amount potable water and sanitation equipment for hygiene purposes.
Under this sector COAR has three objectives of: 1) Rapid Response, when the need is highest- After natural or man-made disasters such as flooding, earthquakes, landslides and conflict-induced displacement COAR assigns teams and they will do rapid need assessment, coordinate with clusters, donors and will roll out products and services for acute needs. 2) Having access, where the need is highest- COAR make a multi-sectorial need assessment and a tailor made response for all those needs. We are being reactive as well as proactive and organize according to the estimated acute needs. 3) Response to long-term Emergencies: COAR also works to respond to long-term needs like provision of education facilities, WASH, food security and re-integration to the conflict affected populations.
In 2017, COAR reached 147,448 individuals via the Emergency Response, and 10,221 individuals via DRR awareness through GR&TV. The summary of the projects implemented in 2017 under this sector is tabulated as bellow;
In 2017 COAR received fund from UNOCHA- CHF second allocation for responding emergency needs. The project is supporting new and prolonged IDPs in Maywand district of Kandahar province and Khawjaghar district of Takhar province through three components of Water Sanitation and Hygiene-WASH, Food Security- through Cash distribution and Education in Emergency-EiE- through TLS/TLCs approaches. The project is in the initial stage. Provincial project offices established, project sites and beneficiaries identified. The community based shuras established for each components of the project to mobilize and facilitate project related issues regularly. ToRs developed and issued to all members of the Shuras.

Gender and Devolopment

COAR thrives to promote equity and elimination of discrimination on the basis of gender through gender sensitization throughout all processes from the functional to the strategic management perspective of the organization. COAR considers the goal of gender equality to be an overarching objective towards which contributions must be directed by all NGOs in Afghanistan.

This Gender Policy provides a mandate for the operationalization of COAR’s commitments and is accompanied by a comprehensive Action Plan to guide the implementation of this policy by COAR staff and volunteers. COAR’s Gender policy aims to promote gender equality within the organization as well as gender equality in society with the purpose of accelerating community’s sustainable social and economic development.
“Change begins at home” is the principle that will guide COAR’s programs and activities to promote gender equality, both within the organization and at the level of community. To prepare COAR’s staff and volunteers for the execution and monitoring and gender equality projects, COAR will build their capacity on and develop their understanding of ground realities of unequal gender relations in Afghanistan as well as principles and means of achieving gender equality. COAR intends to achieve this through capacity building workshop organized with the help of national and international gender experts.

In addition, COAR will identify training opportunities offered by other government and non-government entities and ensure its staff’s participation in them. Such training workshop will not only build staff’s professional capacity in promotion and protection of women’s rights, but also serve as a network building opportunity for them. Besides, since the execution and monitoring of gender equality projects will also require program execution and monitoring skills, COAR will identify training opportunities offered by other government and non-government entities in these areas and facilitate staff’s participation in them.

COAR will also build its employees’ capacity in delivering training to local Communities and volunteers, as well as monitoring their gender equality promotion activities.


It should be appreciated out that the engineering Department of COAR started its activities since 1989 - Right after COAR’s establishment, with the aim to carry out infrastructure projects and mainly concentrate on rural development schemes in different provinces of Afghanistan.
The projects implemented by this department have always been selected based on community needs and requirements.In 2017, CoAR implemented 12 WASH and DRR projects in Khost, Nangarhar, Kabul, Laghman, Ghazni, Daikundi and Bamyan provinces.
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